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Poster, 1921; source: i.i.s.g. , Amsterdam
List of members (before 1923) of one quarter of Amsterdam (zuid-oost); source: i.i.s.g., Collectie Henk Canne Meijer , Map 184.
Kommunistische Arbeiders-Partij in Nederland (K.A.P.N., 1921-1932)
In Mai-July 1921 some 200 oppositional members of the c.p.h. were excluded while others left (see f.i. the Roode Vaan of Barend Luteraan). On 4 September 1921, at Amersfoort, they founded the Kommunistische Arbeiders-Partij in Nederland with ten local sections: Amsterdam, Bussum, Den Haag (The Hague), Deventer, Enschede (published in 1921 its own “De Kommunist”), Hengelo, Leiden, Rotterdam, Weesp and Zwolle; with somewhat later, questionable, up to some 400 members, most of which left within a year leaving no traces. According to the k.a.p.d., in 1922 there would have been some 200 members left, probably less, with sections in Amsterdam, Bussum, Den Haag, Enschede, Leiden, Rotterdam, Utrecht and Zwolle; thus the sections in Deventer, Hengelo and Weesp would have disappeared, while only in Utrecht a new section had appeared. The sections outside of Amsterdam left little proof of further activity and thus the members are hard to trace. Also according to the k.a.p.d., in 1922 the Kommunistische Arbeiders-Jeugd (youth-organisation) only had a section in Amsterdam, with some ten members, oriented, in contrast to the great majority of the k.a.p.n.-members, towards the Berlin-Tendency in Germany; some (known members) are included in this list; most of them became participants to the later g.i.c. Although a group carried the name of the party until 1932, it fundamentally fell apart in 1923 when the immediate revolutionary perspective had vanished.
It’s “theoretician” or rather inspirator was Herman Gorter, who wrote or translated all the party’s pamphlets. For “theory”, Herman Gorter relied heavily on Anton Pannekoek’s Weltrevolution und Kommunistische Taktik of August 1920, of which he made his own interpretation (corresponding to the Essen-Tendency in Germany, led by his friend Karl Schröder), in disagreement with Anton Pannekoek, who furthermore never joined the organisation but remained befriended to Herman Gorter until the latters death in 1927, the year in which Pannekoek started to write again after a quasi-abstinence of six years.
In 1923, finally concluding to a defeat of the proletariat after failed attempts to found a new International (the Communist Workers’ International), which soon broke up into local tendencies, and which Herman Gorter tried in vain to reunify, he more or less retreated also because of serious health problems, writing his famous line “In defeat, I want to be their poet” (end of the first sonnet of The Worker’s Council, published 1931); yet, in the last months of his life he tried to found a new group. Such group came to life only after his death: the g.i.c., far more oriented towards the Berlin-tendency of the German k.a.p.d., if not under the “mentorship” of Anton Pannekoek, at least with his support.
For the following, provisional, very incomplete and certainly disputable list of some 80 members sofar identified, served the correspondences in the collection of Henk Canne Meijer in the i.i.s.g.; publications of the k.a.p.n. itself; while good use was also made of some lists electronically available of the Centrale Inlichtingen Dienst ; Dutch secret security police founded in 1919 (1); the whole was completed from civil records (WieWasWie ), indexes of the communal archives of the city of Amsterdam ; some genealogical sites (sometimes very unreliable) and sites on victims of the “final solution” (2).
Much remains to be desired, so if you dispose of more or better information, please share it.
– Agen, Age van (1896-1973); Amsterdam, merchant, worker; later member of the g.i.c., agitator among the unemployed, most of all inspirator of the seperate Proletenstemmen; co-author of the Roodboek on Marinus van der Lubbe; son of Jan van Agen, merchant, and Annigje Steenbergen; 1920 marries in Lonneker (Overijssel) Luutske Nijdam, assistent druggist (apothekersassistente); divorce Enschede 1936, remarries 1938 Fie Zegerius (member of the g.i.c.).
– Amstel (=Leijden van Amstel), Gretha van (Greet, 1903-1981); Amsterdam, plastic artist (beeldend kunstenaresse); she was one of the co-editors of the Roodboek on Marinus van der Lubbe; daughter of Meijer Leijden van Amstel (1866-murdered Sobibor, 1943) and Femmetje Abas (1868-1889); marries Lo Lopes Cardozo; she was sent to Auschwitz but survived; she had two sons (Paul and Matthieu) and a daughter (Rita, also called Sonja); only Paul survived; she wrote poems on the war and the holocaust.
– Andersen, Catharina (1884-1966); Amsterdam; daughter of Johannes Andersen and Eva Anna Margaretha Peereboom, marries 1911 Barend Luteraan, divorce 1921, two children: Elisabeth (Dolly, 1912-) and Johannes (Hans, 1915-).
– Beer, Herman de (1871-1936); Amsterdam; travelling salesman (handelsreiziger), real estate agent (makelaar), later member of the g.i.c.; main author of De beweging van het kapitalistisch bedrijfsleven, 1932; son of Abraham Mozes de Beer, shopkeeper (winkelier) and Judik Heertjes; marries 1896 Sara de Vries (1868-murdered Auschwitz 1943), one son and two daughters: Benjamin (1897-), Lea (1899-murdered Auschwitz 1943) and Judith (1902-) (3).
– Bos, Johannes Jacobus (Jan) (1876-1948); Amsterdam, publisher of Herman Gorter’s political works and a friend of Barend Luteraan; later member of the b.k.s.p. and the o.s.p.; son of Karel Antonie Bos (1846-1899) and Catharina Helena Elisabeth de Bruijn (4).
– Bruin, Coenraad du (Coen, 1885-murdered Sobibor, 1943); Amsterdam, sales representative (handelsreiziger), agent life insurances (agent levensverzekering); in 1924 secretary of the Amsterdam section of the k.a.p.n., later member of the s.d.a.p. and 1934 o.s.p.; present on five police lists of the c.i.d., 1924-1939; son of Jacob du Bruin and Vrouwtje Stokvis, marries 1910 Catharina Maria Wilhelmina Carolina de Rooij (1886-1971); they had three children: Frederika (1911-1999), Gerard (1912-Konzentrationslager Neuengamme 1942) and Jeanne (Miriam, 1919-1994) (5).
– Canne Meijer, Henk (1890-1962); Amsterdam; first benchman travelling through Europe, since 1914 teacher, member of the s.d.a.p., s.d.p., k.a.p.n. (he left in 1924); founding participant in the g.i.c., see: Henk Canne Meijer.
Jan Nugter en Wilhelmina Evers, source: Stamboom van de Nugters .
– Evers, Wilhelmina Johanna (1896-1928), Amsterdam; marries 1919 Jan Nicolaas Nugter, daughter of Jan Nicolaas Evers, carpenter (timmerman) and Anna Christina Heineman.
– Fraterman, George Cornelis; (1877-); Amsterdam, bicycle repairer (fietsenmaker, rijwielhersteller), merchant in 1930; son of Johanna Cornelia Fraterman, marries 1905 Aleida Geertruida Gimbergh (1887-); they had a daughter Johanna Cornelia (1906-) (6).
– Goltz, Marie (1895-); Amsterdam, born Wilna, Lithuania, office employee (kantoorbediende) daughter of Josef Goltz, diamond polisher (diamantslijper), and Sophie Nemzenko, marries 1922 Pieter Secrève.
– Grewel, prof. dr. Frits (1898-1973); Amsterdam, medical docter, reputated psychiater, later professor remedial educationalist (orthopedagogiek); son of Salomon Grewel, diamond cutter, and Alida Dommershuijzen, marries 1931 Sophia Wessel (1902-1975); they had a son Charles Grewel (1932-1984) and a daughter Annemarie Grewel (1935-1998) (7).
– Hillesum, Betsy (Betje, 1901-1924); Amsterdam, commemorated in De Baanbreker, 3e jaargang, nr. 1, marries 1921 Bernard Verduin; daughter of Jacob Hillesum, roosjesslijper, and Anna Tertaas (both murdered Auschwitz, 1943); two sons: Bernard (1921-Buchenwald 1944) and Frits (1923-murdered Auschwitz 1944).
– Hoenders, Willem Albertus (1884-); Amsterdam, The Hague, born Arnhem; member of the s.d.p. and k.a.p.n.; wrote in De Tribune, 5 december 1916; son of Herm Jan Hoenders, shop keeper (winkelier), and Hendrika Adriana Odendaal.
Piet van Hoorn, source: New in Chess .
– Hoorn, Petrus Franciscus van (Piet, 1885-1937); Amsterdam, mathematician; graduated cum laude gymnasium, studied Leiden, pupil of prof. Hendrik Lorentz ; also poet, reputated cello- and chess-player; son of Jacobus van Hoorn; travelled a lot throughout Europa, thereupon accountant; was part of the circle around Maurits Dekker (8).
Frits Kief, source: MyHeritage.com .
Bram Korper, left: i.i.s.g.; right: De Tribune, 15 May 1917
– Korper, Abraham (Bram, 1893-murdered Auschwitz, 1944); Amsterdam, cigar maker, office employee (kantoorbediende), in 1924, according to the police, member of the board of the w.a.c., but not mentioned by the police as member of the k.a.p.n., brother of Rosa Korper; son of David Korper, merchant (koopman), and Rebecca Kokernoot, first marries 1926 Rosa Reens (1892-1928), then Beathe de Leeuw (1901-murdered Auschwitz, 1944); one son, Rudolf Herman Korper (Rodi, from the first marriage, 1928-Extern kommando Gleiwitz, 1944), and a daughter, Ruth Korper (second marriage, 1935-murdered Auschwitz, 1943) (10).
Left: Manus Korper, source: i.i.s.g.; right: De Tribune, 26 april 1917
– Korper, Emanuel (Manus, Manie, 1884-1940); Amsterdam, cigar maker; son of Levi Korper (1861-1915), disc sander (schijvenschuurder), en Aaltje Rootveld (1861-1938); a cousin of Bram and Rosa Korper; marries 1918 Toni Maassen, no children; commited suicide 15 May 1940 when the German troops marched into Amsterdam (11).
– Korper, Sara (1902-2000); lingerie dressmaker (lingerie naaister); Amsterdam; daughter of Levi Korper (1861-1915), disc sander (schijvenschuurder), en Aaltje Rootveld (1861-1938), sister of Manus Korper (13).
– Leeuw, A. de, Amsterdam; in 1937 editor of “De Arbeidersraad” [possibly Arthur, a brother of Beathe, marries Bram Korper].
– Lopes Cardozo, Benjamin (Ben, 1887-1942); Amsterdam, merchant, died Amsterdam, 8 May 1942 (suicide, the day before he had to wear the Star of David), son of Mozes Lopes Cardozo (1849-1921) and Mirjam Ailion (1851-1897), who had 18 children, brother of Lo Lopes Cardozo; marries Malka Raismann (1890-1982); children: Max (1911-), Agnes (1913-), Johannes (1915-), Jacob (1917-) and Benjamin (1922-) (14).
Lo Lopes Cardozo, source: Community Joods Monument , portrait made by Meijer Bleekrode (This is Lo, and not Ben).
– Lopes Cardozo, Lodewijk (Lou, Lo, 1892-murdered Auschwitz 1944); Amsterdam, office employee, journalist Algemeen Handelsblad, son of Mozes Lopes Cardozo (1849-1921) and Mirjam Ailion (1851-1897), brother of Ben Lopes Cardozo, was not married to Gretha (Greet) Leijden van Amstel (they had three children), with their daughter Sonja they were arrested in the summer of 1944 and transported via Westerbork to Auschwitz; only Greetje survived; their other son, Paul Lopes Cardozo, born 1922, died in 2000; formally (in order to provide her with a legal presence) Lo was married to Cerlina Sophia van Essen (1900-1936) (15).
Barend Luteraan; source left: Vele woningen, maar nergens een thuis, p. 11 (G. Smits-Maassen); right: Geheugen van Nederland (E. Melchers-Luteraan.)
– Luteraan, Barend (1878-1970); Amsterdam, on police lists of the c.i.d., 1919-1939; son of Saartje Luteraan, marries 1911 Catharina Andersen, divorce 1921, they had two children or more: Elisabeth (Dolly, 1912-) and Johannes (Hans, 1915-); then living with Catho van der Meer-Maassen; they had four children: Bob, Nol, Bertha and Cora Maassen (16).
– Maassen, Antonia Johanna (Toni, 1878-1968); Amsterdam; daughter of Albert Arnold Maassen, carpenter (timmerman), and Anthonia Johanna van den Heuvel, marries 1906 Bernardo Antonio Bianchetti, waiter, died 1910, remarries 1919 Manus Korper; sister of Catho and Theo Maassen; three children from the first marriage: Bernardo Antonio (Broer), Albert Johan and Maria Antonia Johanna Bianchetti (Ans), see for Broer and Ans under g.i.c.
Catho Maassen and Barend Luteraan, source: i.i.s.g. .
– Maassen, Catharina Elisabeth (Catho, 1884/1885-); Amsterdam; daughter of Albert Arnold Maassen, carpenter (timmerman), and Anthonia Johanna van den Heuvel, sister of Toni and Theo Maassen, marries 1911 Gerrit van der Meer, druggist, died young, later living with Barend Luteraan.
– Maassen, Theodorus Johannes (Theo, ps. Roossen, 1891-1974); Amsterdam, sales representative (handelsreiziger), excluded in 1922, later member of the g.i.c., Spartacus and in 1964 co-founder of Daad en Gedachte; son of Albert Arnold Maassen, carpenter (timmerman), and Anthonia Johanna van den Heuvel, brother of Catho and Toni Maassen, marries 1912 Hilda Emma Anna Cornelia van der Haas, divorce 1918, he remarries 1919 Pauline Anchelina Louise Philippeau; their daughter Sonja Maassen (1921-2008) became a popular singer: Sonja Oosterman (17).
Jan Nugter en Wilhelmina Evers, source: Stamboom van de Nugters .
– Nugter, Jan Nicolaas (1897-1975); Amsterdam, dispatch helper (expeditieknecht), street sweeper, factory worker, paviour (stratenmaker); was a member in 1927-1928, in 1933 he would have sold portraits of Mussolini and Hitler; son of Willem Nugter, farmer (landbouwer) and Johanna Epker; marries Avenhorn 1919 Wilhelmina Johanna Evers (1896-1928); remarries 1929 Jacoba Johanna Swart (1895-1949); third marriage 1949 Marie Martha Czernetski (1905-), divorce 1951, fourth marriage 1953 Helena Catharina van Bracht (1916-1999).
Jaap Nunes Vaz, source: Yad Vashem Photo Archive .
– Nunes Vaz, Jacob (Jaap, 1906-murdered Sobibor, 1943); Amsterdam; journalist; later member of the o.s.p.; according to a police report in 1936 of the b.r.s.; during the Second World War founder and main editor of the illegal Het Parool; son of Isaac Nunes Vaz, shop-keeper (winkelier), and Daatje Kinsbergen (18).
Rinus Pelgrom, source: Onvoltooid verleden .
– Pelgrom, Marinus Paulus (Rinus, Rotterdam 1902-Antwerpen 1970); Amsterdam; later “trotskyist”; son of Daniel Willem Pelgrom and Maria Johanna Commijs; marries Rotterdam, 1926 Anna Margaretha Koeten (Greet, Rotterdam 1907-Amsterdam 1988).
– Reens, Rosa (1892-1928); Amsterdam, clerk (Dienst der Publieke Werken), daughter of Jacob Mozes Isaac Reens, merchant, and Floortje Mok, marries 1926 Bram Korper; she died in child labour, their son Rudolf was raised by one of Bram’s sisters.
– Secrève , Pieter Abraham (1887-1963); Amsterdam, born Schoterland; office employee (kantoorbediende); secretary of the k.a.p.n., was expelled in 1924 or earlier; on police lists 1924-1939; son of Pieter Abraham Secrève and Catharina Jacoba Suzanna Petronella Hirschmann, marries 1922 Marie Goltz.
– Slagter, A.; Amsterdam (19).
– Stuiver, Barend (1884-murdered Auschwitz 1944); Amsterdam, merchant and cigar maker; son of Abraham Stuiver and Kaatje Boeken, marries 1925 Rosa van Straten (1890-murdered Auschwitz 1944); one daughter (1929-) (20).
– Swinderen, Dirk van (1890-1931?), Amsterdam, office employee (kantoorbediende); lived 1917-1919 Weesp; administrator Kommunistische Arbeider (k.a.p.n.), on police lists of the c.i.d., 1924 and 1930; son of Maximiliaan Hendrik Jan van Swinderen, carpenter (timmerman), and Cornelia de Haas; he had a daughter Frida (born 1920, legitimised by marriage in 1928, died 1950) with Saartje de Vries (1895-), she lived twice in the household of Henk Canne Meijer, Groen van Prinstererstraat 28 and Transvaalkade 106, and also twice at the same addres as the father of her daughter 28 (21)
– Utzelmann, Peter (1896-1972, ps. Kempin), unsure; Amsterdam; agitator in Germany; if he was in Amsterdam, then not very long, probably 1922 (22).
Jan Valkhof, source: b.w.s.a. .
– Valkhoff, Prof. Dr. Johan (1897-1975); Amsterdam; lawyer; soon returned to social-democracy; in 1936 he translated Trotsky’s History of the Russian Revolution into Dutch (23).
Abraham Verduin, ±1940, source: Joods Monument .
– Verduin, Abraham (1902-murdered Auschwitz 1945), Amsterdam, manufacturer of hats, born Borgerhout (Belgium), secretary youth group k.a.p.n., on police lists of the c.i.d., 1924 and 1930, later participant in the g.i.c.; son van Isaac Verduin, diamond cutter, and Rachel Stijsel; brother of Bernard Verduin (24).
– Verduin, Bernard (Ben, 1900-1972), Amsterdam, office employee in a bookstore, journalist, marries 1921 Betje (Betsy) Hillesum, he continued her diary after her early death; later member of the g.i.c.; on police list of the c.i.d.; son of Isaac Verduin, diamond cutter, and Rachel Bernardine Stijsel (both murdered in Auschwitz); brother of Abraham Verduin; two sons: Bernard (1921-Buchenwald 1944) and Frits (1923-murdered Auschwitz 1944) (25).
Isaak Verduin, source: Joods Monument .
– Verduin, Isaac Abraham (1891-murdered Auschwitz 1942); Amsterdam, raincoat sticker (regenjassenplakker), since 1936 worker of the textile factory Hollandia-Kattenburg; son of Isaac Abraham Verduin, diamond patcher (diamantversteller), and Simona Worms; lived with Henriette Swaab (1898-1940), inspector (controleuse) (26).
– Coerman, Jacob Pieter Albertus (Piet, 1888-1962); Bussum, primary school teacher (onderwijzer), befriended to Herman Gorter since 1908; his fellow fighter in the s.d.a.p., s.d.p., c.p.h. and k.a.p.n.; after Gorter’s death co-founder of the g.i.c.; son of Jacob Gerard Coerman and Aaltje Bruggink; marries Johanna Francisca van Randeraat; they had a son Jaap (1920-2008); Piet was a brother of Anna Coerman.
Herman Gorter, source: Het Geheugen van Nederland (Letterkundig Museum, Den Haag).
– Gorter, Herman (1864-1927); Bussum, teacher, listed by the c.i.d., 1919-1938, son of Simon Gorter, baptist vicar (doopsgezind dominee), and Johanna Catharina Lugt, marries 1890 Louise (Wies) Cnoop Koopmans (1865-1916); see: An inventory of the writings of Herman Gorter (1864-1927), and: Notes and letters by Herman Gorter.
No names known yet.
– Geers, Dr. Gerardus Johannes (1891-1965); Enschede, born Delft, teacher (leraar h.b.s.), hispanist; prominent member of the k.a.p.n. (according to the police in 1924 “leader of the k.a.p.h.”), later anarchist, on police lists of the c.i.d., 1921-1937 (27).
– Schouwink, Hendrik (1880/1881-1957); Enschede (Lonneker), later member of the r.s.p.; son of Jan Schouwink and Johanna Wevers; marries 1911 Johanna Louisa de Vos (-1926), remarries 1929 Johanna Scholten; see: Collectie Henk Canne Meijer, map 21.
– Bom, Adrianus Jacobus (Arie, Rotterdam 1895-); Rotterdam, The Hague, worked with Gees en Stientje; published De Radencommunist seperate from the g.i.c. in 1932-1933 and Proletarische Beschouwingen in 1936-1937, listed by the c.i.d. 1938-1939; in 1939 even as “terrorist”; in 1938 he jointed the anarchist “Vrije Socialist”; son of Johannes Melchior Bom and Alida Jacoba van der Wal, marries 1915 Lena Vroegindeweij, divorce 1936; they had two children: Adrianus Jacobus (1918-1918), and Lena Adriana Jacoba (-1945, 25 years old). In the collection of Cajo Brendel, i.i.s.g. , map 39, one can find an “autobiography” of Arie Bom), in fact, the title is “Beschaving en cultuur der Nazi’s”, an account of his experiences in concentration camps in 1942-1943. He is also mentioned in: Held tegen wil en dank ; Het tragische lot van een Haagse agent in bezettingstijd / Jan H. Kompagnie. – Amsterdam : Uitgeverij Balans, 2014 (28); in 1951 Arie Bom still held a speech on an anarchist Pinksterlanddag ; he was then part of “De Vrije Groep” in The Hague; and remained a popular speaker .
– Kretz, Cornelis Jacobus (1879-1956); The Hague since 1919, born Rotterdam, merchant, postal address editors k.a.p.n., on lists c.i.d., 1924-1939; son of Karel Hendrik Kretz and Antonia Cornelia van Dordrecht, marries 1918 Antje Johanna van Lier (1883-1971) (29).
– Christenhusz, Gerardus Joannes (1888-), Hengelo, born Almelo, agent insurances (verzekeringsagent), son of Gerardus Joannes Christenhusz, carpenter (timmerman), and Maria Perik; marries 1917 Hendrika Antonia ter Ellen; they had a daughter Maria Hendrika Johanna Christenhusz (-died two years old, 1928).
– Weegink, Johannes, Hengelo, agent for Kommunistische Arbeider (k.a.p.n.), on police list of the c.i.d., 1924 and 1930, in 1939 as anarchist (Krabbenboschweg 4) (30).
No names known yet.
– Roodzant, David (1892-1957); Rotterdam, born The Hague, benchman (bankwerker), amateur chess player, son of Johannis Cornelis Pieter Roodzant and Margaretha Geertruida Mieremet, marries 1918 Catharina Glimmerveen (Toos, 1896-1999, 102 years old, a profesionnel international chess champion, first woman in this game of skill in the Netherlands); from 1919 to 1921 they lived in England; they had three children.
– Coenders, A. (1876-1924); Utrecht, living Swammerdamstraat Elinckwijk-Zuilen, treasurer of the k.a.p.n. in 1922, later anti-militarist, editor Vrije Communist, listed as revolutionary by the c.i.d., 1919-1925. Van partij-communist tot vrij-communist / A. Coenders. – Almelo : Bond van Religieuse Anarcho-Communisten, 1923. – 16 p.
No names yet known. In Weesp Gerard Albert Vader (1865-1940) was a central figure; although he never was a member of the k.a.p.n. some in his entourage were, and he remained befriended to Herman Gorter.
– Agter, T. (Sytze/Sietze) (1877-1949), Zwolle, primary school teacher (onderwijzer); son of Popke Pieters Agter en Akke Sakes van der Meulen; marries 1905 Trijntje Nekkers, two daughters: Annie (1909-1992) and Nine (1912-1997, marries Erik Jordens).
Source: De Tribune , 30 maart 1918 (Delpher).
– Coerman, Anna Beredina (1885-1940); Zwolle, primary school teacher (onderwijzeres); secretary of the k.a.p.n.; daughter of Jacob Gerard Coerman and Aaltje Bruggink, in 1911 marries George Johann Viehoff, born Maag (1886-), cadaster draughtsman (kadastertekenaar), son of a sculptor (beeldhouwer); she was a sister of Piet Coerman.
– Jordens, Gerrit David (1877-1957); Zwolle, mechanical engineer (werktuigbouwkundig ingenieur), president of the local section of the k.a.p.n.; later participant to the g.i.c. until 1933; son of Daniel Jacob Rudolph Jordens, bookkeeper, and Willemina Henriette Elisabeth Molenkamp; marries 1903 Anna Geertruida de Bruijn (1881-1946); children: Erik (born and died 1904), Wilhelmina Henriette Elizabeth (1906-1921), Erik (1908-, marries Nine Agter), and Helena Henriette Gerdina (1910-) (31).
– Nekkers, Trijntje (1882-1943); Zwolle, born Heerenveen, daughter of Andries Pieter Nekkers and Aaltje Hielkema, coffeeshop keeper (koffiehuishoudster), treasurer (penningmeester) of the local section of the k.a.p.n.; on police lists of the c.i.d., 1924 en 1930, marries in 1905 Sietze Agter (1877-1949), teacher; she died Epe, Gelderland, 10 maart 1943; two daughters: Annie (1909-1992) and Nine (1912-1997, marries Erik Jordens).
– Scheffer, Wilhelm Johannes (1885-1924); Zwolle, engine driver (machinist) n.s. (Nederlandsche Spoorwegen, Dutch Railways), president of the local section of the k.a.p.n., on police lists of the c.i.d.; son of Wilhelm Scheffer, wagonbuilder (wagenmaker) and Hendrikje van den Bosch, marries 1917 Johanna van Dijk (1882-); see: Kommunistische Arbeider, 1924, nr. 3.
– Altenau, Johannes Petrus Martinus van (1889-); Den Bosch, cigar maker, born Den Bosch, son of a cigar maker, lived Antwerps, came to Leiden in 1920, in 1922 he moved to Amsterdam, in 1924 propagandist for the c.p.h., in 1939 according to the police a “reputable council communist” in Den Bosch; in Amsterdam in 1916 he marries Rosina Anna Bertelsmann, divorce 1927.
Maurits Dekker, source: b.w.s.a.
– Dekker, Maurits Rudolf Joel (Maurits, 1896-1962), writer, pseudonyms: Gerard van Arkel, A. Bakels, Jan Dekker, Martin Redeke, Boris Robazki; nicknamed “the giant” (“de reus”); in 1938 he was convicted to a fine of ƒ100,- or 20 days jail for “having offended a befriended head of state” (Adolf Hitler), son of Joël Dekker, sales reprensentative and house painter, and Betje Turksma, dressmaker; marries 1923 Mien Hellingman (member of the g.i.c.); they had two daughters (Eleonore Dekker and Meavedea (Mea) Dekker) from a free marriage, and which were recognised by marriage in 1923; after his first wives’ death in 1954 he remarries Hendrika Christina van Assen (32).
– Eggink, Clasina Maria (Claasje, 1890/1891-); Amsterdam, telegrapher; member of the Federatie van Sociaal-Anarchisten ca. 1920-1923, later c.p.n., b.k.s.p.; emigrated to the u.s.a.; marries 1920 Mourits Wesselius, house painter; see:
– Harteveld, Simon Johannes (1900-1962), Leiden, macon (metselaar), friend of Marinus van der Lubbe and member of the l.a.o., son of Willem Harteveld, carpenter (timmerman) and Elisabeth Anneeze, marries Leiden, 1924 Christina Jongeleen (1899-1972), three children.
Marinus van der Lubbe, 1933, source: Nationaal Archief , Collectie Spaarnestad.
– Lubbe, Marinus van der (1909-1934), supposed to have set fire all alone to the German Reichstag building in 1933; he left the c.p.h. in 1931, and thus could not have been a member of the k.a.p.n., and he was not a member of the g.i.c.; he was however in contact with the l.a.o. at Leiden and befriended to Piet van Albada. His story remains controversial, as he might have been helped by the nazi’s. The Communist Left in the Netherlands was divided; all defended his person against stalinist and Nazi slander, but not all defended his act; for a defense of the act and Van der Lubbe as only actor, see: Rijksdagbrand (nl, blog by Nico Jassies); longer: Marinus van der Lubbe en de Rijksdagbrand / Nico Jassies. – Amsterdam : De Dolle Hond, 2002.
Anton Pannekoek, source: d.b.n.l. .
– Pannekoek, dr. Antonie (Anton, 1873-1960); Amsterdam, astronomer; on police lists of the c.i.d., 1920-1939 as founder of the k.a.p.n., but he never was member; son of Johannes Pannekoek, office employe (kantoorbediende) and Willemina Dorothea Beins; marries Leiden 1903 Johanna Maria Nassau Noordewier (Anna, 1871-1957), two children; see: An inventory of the writings of Antonie Pannekoek (1873-1960); Notes and letter by Anton Pannekoek, and Anton Pannekoek Newspaper-clippings/Krantenknipsels.
Emanuel Querido, source: n.i.o.d. .
– Querido, Emanuel (1871-murdered Sobibor, 1943); Amsterdam, book publisher, the address of his publishing house was the postal address of the k.a.i.
– Sirach, Eduard (1895-1937); Leiden, in 1924 oppositional in the c.p.h., later l.a.o. (in the l.a.o.), editor of Spartacus and co-editor of the Redbook on Marinus van der Lubbe; marries Petronella Johanna Klepper, children: Johanna, Wilhelmina and Alida Sirach. See: Eduard Sirach overleden / H[enk]. Sneevliet. – In: De Nieuwe Fakkel, 31 december 1937, p. 3
William Carl Siewertsz van Reesema, source: Andere Tijden
– Siewertsz van Reesema, William Carl (1882-Moscou 1949); Rotterdam; in 1918 editor of De Internationale, later member of c.p.h., 1924-1949 in Russia; on police list of left-extremists in 1939, see: Biografisch Woordenboek van
Abraham Soep, source: b.w.s.a. .
– Soep, Abraham B. (1874-1958); Amsterdam, Antwerps, The Hague, editor, wrote in 1918 in De Internationale, in 1921 expelled from Belgium; see: b.w.s.a. .
– Stello, Willem (1905-); Rotterdam, active council communist in the strike in Twente in 1938; mentioned on police list of the c.i.d., son of Leendert Cornelis Stelloo and Grietje Carpentier; he had an older brother Leendert Cornelis Stelloo, born Rotterdam 1898, died Pankanbaroe (Dutch Indies), 1945.
1. The central archives of the c.i.d. were destroyed in May-days of 1940; only dispersed sources survived; the former ennemies of the state, in 1940, were considered potentially usefull against a common ennemy. The lists of “left-extremists” however circulated on many places and were certainly used by the German authorities.
2. See particularly: Joods Monument ; no definition is given whatsoever of who was supposed to have been a “jew” other than in the eyes of the nazi’s; in 1940 the German authorities imposed a “jew” identity on more than half of the former k.a.p.n. members, many of them (and their families) were murdered; for the workers’ revolt against the deportations of “jews” (whatever their background), see particularly: De Februari-staking 25-26 februari 1941 / B.A. Sijes. –
3. Herman de Beer, see: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
5. Coenraad du Bruin, see: Joods Monument .
6. George Fraterman, see: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
8. See: Gedenkboek P.F. van Hoorn / Theo van Hoorn, Th.M.E. Liketh. – Amsterdam : [Uitgegeven door het weekblad “De Schaakwereld” bij W.L. Salm & Company], . – 91 p.; also: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
10. Bram Korper, see: Joods Monument , and: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939; as for his parents: David Korper, street trader (venter), born Den Helder, living Amsterdam, 27 years old, widower of Mietje Jacobs, son of Abraham Simon Korper, shoe maker (schoenmaker), living Amsterdam, and Fijtje Korper, deceased, marries Amsterdam, B.S., 7 september 1892 Rebecca Kokernoot, without profession, born and living Amsterdam, 22 years old, daughter of Abraham Barend Kokernoot, street trader (venter), and Rachel van der Horst, (both) living Amsterdam; source: WieWasWie .
11. Manus Korper, see on his death: Mij krijgen ze niet levend ; De zelfmoorden van mei 1940 / Lucas Ligtenberg. – Amsterdam : Uitgeverij Balans, 2017; for his household: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
12. Rosa Korper, see: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
13. Sara Korper, see: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
15. Lo Lopes Cardozo, for his household, see: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
16. See: Vele woningen, maar nergens een thuis. Barend Luteraan [1878-1970] / Dennis Bos. – Amsterdam : Het Spinhuis, 1996. – 149 p; also: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
17. Theo Maassen, see: Daad en Gedachte , nr. 6, June 1974, p. 15-17, followed by comments by Jaap Meulenkamp; and: Vele woningen, maar nergens een huis / Dennis Bos. – Amsterdam : Het spinhuis, 1996. – p. 53-55; and: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939; mentioning: “calling himself Roossen” (“zich noemende Roossen”)
19. Probably: Andries Slagter (1908-Monowitz , 1942), electrician, son of Samuel Slagter (1869, murdered Sobibor, 1943), street trader (venter), and Jeannette Aronius (1872-murdered Sobibor, 1943), marries 1930 Martha Pais (1909-murdered Sobibor, 1943), children: Jeannette (1931-murdered Sobibor, 1943), Salomon (1933-murdered Sobibor, 1943) and Elisabeth (1939-murdered Sobibor, 1943); part of their household were also Philip Swaab (1877-murdered Auschwitz, 1942), musicien, and his wife Hanna Lopez Cardozo (1886-murdered Auschwitz 1942); see: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1903-1939, and: Joods Monument .
20. Barend Stuiver, see: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1903-1939.
22. Peter Utzelmann, see: Syndikalismus und Linkskommunismus von 1918-1923 / Hans Manfred Bock. – Meisenheim : A. Hain, 1969. – 480 S.; S. 238-239, 248, 302-303; Bock mentions a “Tonband” made in 1966; and: Wer war wer in der d.d.r. .
24. Abraham Verduin, see: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
25. Bernard Verduin, see: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
26. Isaak Verduin, see: Gezinskaarten , Amsterdam, 1893-1939.
28. In this book it reads: “Van beroep is hij meteropnemer bij het Gemeentelijke Gasbedrijf in Den Haag, maar hij heeft ook een eigen zaak in de Korte Poten, waar hij als ‘zuivelbereider’ werkzaam is”; according to this book, he was back in The Hague in April 1944.
29. Also see: Stambomen van de Nederlands Joodse families .
30. Probably: Johannes Weegink (1883/1884-1950), factory worker (fabrieksarbeider), son of Gerrit Weegink and Johanna Reekers, marries Hengelo 1910 Gesina van der Riet (1887/1888-1937), ironer (strijkster).
31. See: Gerrit Jordens, Radencommunist (1877-1957) / Igor Cornelissen. – In: De As, 44e Jrg. (2016), nr. 196 (herfst-winter). – p. 50-52; Igor Cornelissen makes a classical blunder when he writes that Lenin answered Gorter; it was the other way around; Lenin never answered Gorter; also see: De Nederlandsche Leeuw , Jg. 47 (1929), p. 159; his papers are conserved in the i.i.s.g. .
Compiled by Vico, 16 October 2015, latest additions 8 October 2018