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Kommunistische Arbeiders-Partij in Nederland (1921-1932)
List of members (before 1923) of one quarter of Amsterdam (zuid-oost); source: i.i.s.g., Collectie Henk Canne Meijer, map 184.
In Mai-July 1921 some 200 oppositional members of the c.p.h. were excluded while others left (see f.i. the Roode Vaan of Barend Luteraan). On 4 September 1921, at Amersfoort, they founded the Kommunistische Arbeiders-Partij in Nederland with ten local sections: Amsterdam, Bussum, Den Haag (The Hague), Deventer, Enschede (published in 1921 its own “De Kommunist”), Hengelo, Leiden, Rotterdam, Weesp and Zwolle; with somewhat later, questionable, up to some 400 members, half of which left within a year. According to the k.a.p.d., in 1922 there would have been some 200 members left, probably less, with sections in Amsterdam, Bussum, Den Haag, Enschede, Leiden, Rotterdam, Utrecht and Zwolle; thus the sections in Deventer, Hengelo and Weesp would have disappeared, while only in Utrecht a new section had appeared. The sections outside of Amsterdam left little proof of further activity and thus the members are hard to trace. Also according to the k.a.p.d., in 1922 the Kommunistische Arbeiders-Jeugd (youth-organisation) only had a section in Amsterdam, with some ten members, orientated, in contrast to the great majority of the k.a.p.n.-members, towards the Berlin-Tendency in Germany; some (known members) are included in this list, and most of them became participants to the later g.i.c. Although a group carried the name of the party until 1932, the party fundamentally fell apart in 1923 when the immediate revolutionary perspective had vanished.
It’s “theoretician” or rather inspirator was Herman Gorter, who wrote or translated all the party’s pamphlets. For “theory”, Herman Gorter relied heavily on Anton Pannekoek’s Weltrevolution und Kommunistische Taktik of August 1920, of which he made his own interpretation (corresponding to the Essen-Tendency in Germany, led by his friend Karl Schröder), in disagreement with Anton Pannekoek, who furthermore never joined the organisation but remained befriended to Herman Gorter until the latters death in 1927, the year in which Pannekoek started to write again after a quasi-abstinence of six years.
In 1923, finally concluding to a defeat of the proletariat after failed attempts to found a new International (the Communist Workers’ International), which soon broke up into local tendencies, and which Herman Gorter tried in vain to reunify, he more or less retreated also because of serious health problems, writing his famous line “In defeat, I want to be their poet” (end of the first sonnet of The Worker’s Council, published 1931); yet, in the last months of his life he tried to found a new group. Such group came to life only after his death: the g.i.c., far more oriented towards the Berlin-tendency of the German k.a.p.d., and under the “mentorship” of Anton Pannekoek.
For the following, provisional, very incomplete and certainly disputable list of members, served the correspondences in the collection of Henk Canne Meijer in the i.i.s.g.; publications of the k.a.p.n. itself; while good use was also made of some lists electronically available of the c.i.d. (Centrale Inlichtingen Dienst; Dutch secret security police); the whole was completed from civil records (WieWasWie ), genealogical sites (sometimes very unreliable) and sites on victims of the “final solution” (1).
Much remains to be desired, so if you dispose of more or better information, please share it.
– Agen, Age van (1896-1973); Amsterdam, merchant, worker; later member of the g.i.c., agitator among the unemployed, most of all inspirator of the seperate Proletenstemmen; co-author of the Roodboek on Marinus van der Lubbe; 1920 marries in Lonneker (Overijssel) Luutske Nijdam, assistent druggist (apothekersassistente); divorced Enschede 1936, remarries 1938 Fie Zegerius (member of the g.i.c.); son of Jan van Agen, merchant, and Annigje Steenbergen.
– Amstel (=Leijden van Amstel), Gretha van (Greet, 1903-1981); Amsterdam, plastic artist (beeldend kunstenaresse); she was one of the co-editors of the Roodboek on Marinus van der Lubbe; marries Lo Lopes Cardozo; she was sent to Auschwitz but survived; she had two sons (Paul and Matthieu) and a daughter (Rita, also called Sonja); only Paul survived; she wrote poems on the war and the holocaust; daughter of Meijer Leijden van Amstel (1866-murdered Sobibor, 1943) and Femmetje Abas (1868-1889).
– Andersen, Catharina (1884-1966); Amsterdam; daughter of Johannes Andersen and Eva Anna Margaretha Peereboom, in 1911 marries Barend Luteraan, divorced 1921, two children: Elisabeth (Dolly, 1912-) and Johannes (Hans, 1915-).
– Beer, Herman de (1871-1936); Amsterdam; travelling salesman (handelsreiziger), real estate agent (makelaar), later member of the g.i.c.; main author of De beweging van het kapitalistisch bedrijfsleven, 1932; son of Abraham Mozes de Beer, shopkeeper (winkelier) and Judik Heertjes; marries 1896 Sara de Vries (1868-murdered Auschwitz 1943), one son and two daughters: Benjamin (1897-), Lea (1899-murdered Auschwitz 1943) and Judith (1902-)
– Bos, Johannes Jacobus (Jan) (1876-1948); Amsterdam, publisher of Herman Gorter’s political works and a friend of Barend Luteraan; later member of the b.k.s.p. and the o.s.p.; son of Karel Antonie Bos (1846-1899) and Catharina Helena Elisabeth de Bruijn; also see: In memoriam Jan Bos / [Frits Kief]. – In: De Vlam, 4e jaargang, 1948, nr. 3, 16 januari, p. 4, and: In vader’s voetspoor / Dennis Bos. – in: Onvoltooid Verleden.
– Bruin, Coenraad du (Coen, 1885-murdered Sobibor, 1943); Amsterdam, sales representative (handelsreiziger), agent life insurances (agent levensverzekering); in 1924 secretary of the Amsterdam section of the k.a.p.n., later member of the s.d.a.p. and 1934 o.s.p.; present on five police lists of the c.i.d., 1924-1939; son of Jacob du Bruin and Vrouwtje Stokvis, marries 1910 Catharina Maria Wilhelmina Carolina de Rooij (1886-1971); see: communityjoodsmonument.nl ; they had three children: Frederika (1911-1999), Gerard (1912-Konzentrationslager Neuengamme 1942) and Jeanne (Miriam, 1919-1994).
– Canne Meijer, Henk (1890-1962); Amsterdam; first benchman travelling through Europe, since 1914 teacher, member of the s.d.a.p., s.d.p., k.a.p.n. (he left in 1924); founding participant in the g.i.c., see: Henk Canne Meijer.
Jan Nugter en Wilhelmina Evers, source: Stamboom van de Nugters .
– Evers, Wilhelmina Johanna (1896-1928), Amsterdam; marries 1919 Jan Nicolaas Nugter, daughter of Jan Nicolaas Evers, carpenter (timmerman) and Anna Christina Heineman.
– Fraterman, George Cornelis; (1877-); Amsterdam, bicycle repairer (fietsenmaker, rijwielhersteller), merchant in 1930; son of Johanna Cornelia Fraterman, marries 1905 Aleida Geertruida Gimbergh (1887-); they had a daughter Johanna Cornelia (1906-).
– Goltz, Marie (1895-); Amsterdam, born Wilna, Lithuania, office employee (kantoorbediende) daughter of Josef Goltz, diamond polisher (diamantslijper), and Sophie Nemzenko, marries 1922 Pieter Secrève.
– Grewel, Prof. dr. Frits (1898-1973); Amsterdam, medical docter, reputated psychiater, later professor remedial educationalist (orthopedagogiek); son of Salomon Grewel, diamond cutter, and Alida Dommershuijzen, marries 1931 Sophia Wessel (1902-1975); they had a son Charles Grewel (1932-1984) and a daughter Annemarie Grewel (1935-1998); also see: In memoriam ; Kopstukken van de orthopedagogiek ; and: Archief van de Familie Grewel (Stadsarchief Gemeente Amsterdam).
– Hillesum, Betsy (Betje, 1901-1924); Amsterdam, commemorated in De Baanbreker, 3e jaargang, nr. 1, marries 1921 Bernard Verduin; daughter of Jacob Hillesum, roosjesslijper, and Anna Tertaas (both murdered Auschwitz, 1943).
Piet van Hoorn, source: New in Chess .
– Hoorn, Petrus Franciscus van (Piet, 1885-1937); Amsterdam, mathematician; graduated cum laude gymnasium, studied Leiden, pupil of prof. Hendrik Lorentz ; also poet, reputated cello- and chess-player; travelled a lot throughout Europa, thereupon accountant; was part of the circle around Maurits Dekker; see: Gedenkboek P.F. van Hoorn / Theo van Hoorn, Th.M.E. Liketh. – Amsterdam : [Uitgegeven door het weekblad “De Schaakwereld” bij W.L. Salm & Company], . – 91 p.
– Jordens, Gerrit David (1877-1957); Zwolle, mechanical engineer (werktuigbouwkundig ingenieur), president of the local section of the k.a.p.n.; participant in the g.i.c. until 1933; son of Daniel Jacob Rudolph Jordens, bookkeeper, and Willemina Henriette Elisabeth Molenkamp; marries 1903 Anna Geertruida de Bruijn (1881-1946); children: Erik (born and died 1904), Wilhelmina Henriette Elizabeth (1906-1921), Erik (1908-), Helena Henriette Gerdina (1910-); his archives are conserved in the i.i.s.g. ; also
Frits Kief, source: MyHeritage.com .
– Kief, Carl Friedrich (Frits, 1908-1976); Amsterdam, electrotechnician, born Rotterdam, son of Philipp Kief and Susanna Pfeiffer, marries 1932 Rosa Korper; see: Resources Huygens ing ; and: dbnl.org ; his archives are conserved in
Bram Korper, source: i.i.s.g.
– Korper, Abraham (Bram, 1890-murdered Auschwitz, 1944); Amsterdam, cigar maker, office employee, in 1924 member of the board of the w.a.c. not mentioned by the police as member of the k.a.p.n., brother of Rosa and Sara Korper; son of David Korper, merchant (koopman), and Rebecca Kokernoot, first marries Rosa Reens (1892-1928), then to Beathe de Leeuw (1901-murdered Auschwitz, 1944); one son, Rudolf Herman Korper (Rodi, from the first marriage, 1928-Extern kommando Gleiwitz, 1944), and a daughter, Ruth Korper (second marriage, 1935-murdered Auschwitz, 1943).
Manus Korper, source: i.i.s.g.
– Korper, Emmanuel (Manus, Manie, 1884-1940); Amsterdam, cigar maker, marries 1918 Toni Maassen, no children; commited suicide 15 May 1940 when the German troops marched into Amsterdam; son of Levi Korper (1861-1915), disc sander (schijvenschuurder), en Aaltje Rootveld (1861-1938); a cousin of the three other Korpers; their fathers were brothers, both born Den Helder.
– Leeuw, A. de, Amsterdam; in 1937 editor of “De Arbeidersraad” [possibly Arthur, a brother of Beathe, marries Bram Korper].
– Lopes Cardozo, Benjamin (Ben, 1887-1942); Amsterdam, merchant, died Amsterdam, 8 May 1942 (suicide, the day before he had to wear the Star of David), son of Mozes Lopes Cardozo (1849-1921) and Mirjam Ailion (1851-1897), who had 18 children, brother of Lo Lopes Cardozo; marries Malka Raismann (1890-1982) (3).
Lo Lopes Cardozo, source: Community Joods Monument , portrait made by Meijer Bleekrode (This is Lo, and not Ben).
– Lopes Cardozo, Lodewijk (Lou, Lo, 1892-murdered Auschwitz 1944); Amsterdam, office employee, journalist Algemeen Handelsblad, son of Mozes Lopes Cardozo (1849-1921) and Mirjam Ailion (1851-1897), brother of Ben Lopes Cardozo, was not married to Gretha (Greet) Leijden van Amstel (they had three children), with their daughter Sonja they were arrested in the summer of 1944 and transported via Westerbork to Auschwitz; only Greetje survived; their other son, Paul Lopes Cardozo, born 1922, died in 2000; formally (in order to get her papers) Lo was married to Cerlina Sophia van Essen (1900-1936).
Barend Luteraan; source left: Vele woningen, maar nergens een thuis, p. 11 (G. Smits-Maassen); right: Geheugen van Nederland (E. Melchers-Luteraan.)
– Luteraan, Barend (1878-1970); Amsterdam, on police lists of the c.i.d., 1919-1939; son of Saartje Luteraan, marries 1911 Catharina Andersen, divorced 1921, they had two children: Elisabeth (Dolly, 1912-) and Johannes (Hans, 1915-); then living with Catho van der Meer-Maassen; they had two children: Nol and Bob Maassen; see: Vele woningen, maar nergens een thuis. Barend Luteraan [1878-1970] / Dennis Bos. – Amsterdam : Het Spinhuis, 1996. – 149 p.
– Maassen, Antonia Johanna (Toni, 1878-1968); Amsterdam; daughter of Albert Arnold Maassen, carpenter (timmerman), and Anthonia Johanna van den Heuvel, marries 1906 Bernardo Antonio Bianchetti, waiter, died 1910, remarries 1919 Manus Korper; sister of Catho and Theo Maassen; three children from the first marriage: Bernardo Antonio (Broer), Albert Johan and Maria Antonia Johanna Bianchetti (Ans), see for Broer and Ans under g.i.c.
Catho Maassen anf Barend Luteraan, source: i.i.s.g. .
– Maassen, Catharina Elisabeth (Catho, 1884/1885-); Amsterdam; daughter of Albert Arnold Maassen, carpenter (timmerman), and Anthonia Johanna van den Heuvel, sister of Toni and Theo Maassen, marries 1911 Gerrit van der Meer, druggist, died young, later living with Barend Luteraan.
– Maassen, Theodorus Johannes (Theo, 1891-1974); Amsterdam, sales representative (handelsreiziger), excluded in 1922, later member of the g.i.c., Spartacus and in 1964 co-founder of Daad en Gedachte; son of Albert Arnold Maassen, carpenter (timmerman), and Anthonia Johanna van den Heuvel, brother of Catho and Toni Maassen, marries 1912 Hilda Emma Anna Cornelis van der Haas, divorced 1918, he remarries 1919 Pauline Anchelina Louise Philippeau; their daughter Sonja Maassen (1921/2-2008) became a popular singer: Sonja Oosterman .
Jaap Nunez Vaz, source: Yad Vashem Photo Archive .
– Nunes/Nunez Vas/Vaz, Jacob (Jaap, 1906-murdered Sobibor, 1943); Amsterdam, journalist, later member of the o.s.p., during the Second World War main editor of Het Parool; son of Isaac Nunes Vaz, shop-keeper (winkelier), and Daatje Kinsbergen; also see Wikipedia (en), and Joods Monument .
Jan Nugter en Wilhelmina Evers, source: Stamboom van de Nugters .
– Nugter, Jan Nicolaas (1897-1975); Amsterdam, dispatch helper (expeditieknecht), street sweeper, factory worker, paviour (stratenmaker); was a member in 1927-1928, in 1933 he would have sold portraits of Mussolini and Hitler; son of Willem Nugter, farmer (landbouwer) and Johanna Epker; marries Avenhorn 1919 Wilhelmina Johanna Evers (1896-1928); remarries 1929 Jacoba Johanna Swart (1895-1949); third marriage 1949 Marie Martha Czernetski (1905-), divorce 1951, fourth marriage 1953 Helena Catharina van Bracht (1916-1999).
Rinus Pelgrom, source: Onvoltooid verleden .
– Pelgrom, Marinus Paulus (Rinus, Rotterdam 1902-1960); Amsterdam; marries Rotterdam, 1926 Anna Margaretha Koeten (Greet, Rotterdam 1907-Amsterdam 1988); later trotskyist; son of Daniel Willem Pelgrom and Maria Johanna Commijs.
– Reens, Rosa (1892-1928); Amsterdam, clerk (Dienst der Publieke Werken), daughter of Jacob Mozes Isaac Reens, merchant, and Floortje Mok, marries 1926 Bram Korper; she died in child labour, their son Rudolf was raised by one of Bram’s sisters.
– Secrève , Pieter Abraham (1887-1963); Amsterdam, born Schoterland, office employee (kantoorbediende), Amsterdam, secretary of the k.a.p.n., was expelled in 1924 or earlier, on police lists 1924-1939, son of Pieter Abraham Secrève and Catharina Jacoba Suzanna Petronella Hirschmann, marries 1922 Marie Goltz.
– Utzelman, Peter (ps. Kempin), Amsterdam; agitator in Germany, 1921 (4).
Jan Valkhof, source: b.w.s.a. .
– Valkhoff, Prof. Dr. Johan (1897-1975); Amsterdam; lawyer; soon returned to social-democracy; in 1936 he translated Trotsky’s History of the Russian Revolution into Dutch; see: Johan Valkhoff (b.w.s.a.), also see: Valkhoff, Johan (1897-1975) (Resources Huygens ing) and: marxists.org (nl).
Abraham Verduin, ±1940, source: joodsmonument.nl .
– Verduin, Abraham (1902-murdered Auschwitz 1945), Amsterdam, manufacturer of hats, born Borgerhout (Belgium), secretary youth group k.a.p.n., on police lists of the c.i.d., 1924 and 1930, later participant in the g.i.c.; son van Isaac Verduin, diamond cutter, and Rachel Stijsel; brother of Bernard Verduin.
– Verduin, Bernard (Ben, 1900-1972), Amsterdam, office employee in a bookstore, journalist, marries 1921 Betje (Betsy) Hillesum, he continued her diary after her early death; later member of the g.i.c.; on police list of the c.i.d.; their two sons died in 1945 in Germany and Poland; son of Isaac Verduin, diamond cutter, and Rachel Bernardine Stijsel (both murdered in Auschwitz); brother of Abraham Verduin; see: Joods Monument .
Isaak Verduin, source: joodsmonument.nl .
– Verduin, Isaac Abraham (1891-murdered Auschwitz 1942); Amsterdam, since 1936 worker of the textile factory Hollandia-Kattenburg; lived with Henriette Swaab (1898-1940), inspector (controleuse).
– Coerman, Jacob Pieter Albertus (Piet, 1888-1962); Bussum, teacher (onderwijzer), befriended to Herman Gorter since 1908; his fellow fighter in the s.d.a.p., s.d.p., c.p.h. and k.a.p.n.; after Gorter’s death co-founder of the g.i.c.; son of Jacob Gerard Coerman and Aaltje Bruggink; marries Johanna Francisca van Randeraat; they had a son Jaap (1920-2008); Piet was a brother of Anna Coerman.
Herman Gorter, source: Het Geheugen van Nederland (Letterkundig Museum, Den Haag).
– Gorter, Herman (1864-1927); Bussum, teacher, listed by the c.i.d., 1919-1938, son of Simon Gorter, baptist vicar (doopsgezind dominee), and Johanna Catharina Lugt, marries 1890 Wies Cnoop Koopmans; see: An inventory of the writings of Herman Gorter (1864-1927), and: Notes and letters by Herman Gorter.
– Geers, Dr. Gerardus Johannes (1891-1965); Enschede, born Delft, teacher (leraar h.b.s.), hispanist; prominent member of the k.a.p.n. (according to the police in 1924 “leader of the k.a.p.h.”), later anarchist, on police lists of the c.i.d., 1921-1937; his archives are conserved in the i.i.s.g. ; also see: d.b.n.l. and: Wikipedia, (de ), (en ), (es ).
– Schouwink, Hendrik (1880/1881-1957); Enschede (Lonneker), later member of the r.s.p.; son of Jan Schouwink and Johanna Wevers; marries 1911 Johanna Louisa de Vos (-1926), remarries 1929 Johanna Scholten; see: Collectie Henk Canne Meijer, map 21.
– Bom, Adrianus Jacobus (Arie, Rotterdam 1895-); Rotterdam, The Hague, worked with Gees en Stientje; published De Radencommunist seperate from the g.i.c. in 1932-1933 and Proletarische Beschouwingen in 1936-1937, listed by the c.i.d. 1938-1939; in 1939 even as “terrorist”; son of Johannes Melchior Bom and Alida Jacoba van der Wal, marries 1915 Lena Vroegindeweij; in the collection of Cajo Brendel, i.i.s.g. , map 39, one can find an autobiography of Arie Bom).
– Kretz, Cornelis Jacobus (1879-1956); The Hague since 1919, born Rotterdam, merchant, postal address editors k.a.p.n., on lists c.i.d., 1924-1939; son of Karel Hendrik Kretz and Antonia Cornelia van Dordrecht, marries 1918 Antje Johanna van Lier (1883-1971).
– Christenhusz, Gerardus Joannes (1888-), Hengelo, born Almelo, agent insurances (verzekeringsagent), son of Gerardus Joannes Christenhusz, carpenter (timmerman), and Maria Perik, marries 1917 Hendrika Antonia ter Ellen; they had a daughter Maria Hendrika Johanna Christenhusz (-died two years old, 1928).
No names yet known
– Roodzant, David (1892-1957); Rotterdam, born The Hague, benchman (bankwerker), amateur chess player, son of Johannis Cornelis Pieter Roodzant and Margaretha Geertruida Mieremet, marries 1918 Catharina Glimmerveen (Toos, 1896-1999, 102 years old, a profesionnel international chess champion, first woman in this sport in the Netherlands); from 1919 to 1921 they lived in England; they had three children.
No names yet known
– Agter, T. (Sytze/Sietze) (1877-1949), Zwolle, onderwijzer; son of Popke Pieters Agter en Akke Sakes van der Meulen; marries 1905 Trijntje Nekkers, two daughters: Annie (1909-1992) and Nine (1912-1997, marries Erik Jordens).
– Coerman, Anna Beredina (1885-1940); Zwolle, teacher (onderwijzeres); secretary of the k.a.p.n.; daughter of Jacob Gerard Coerman and Aaltje Bruggink, in 1911 marries George Johann Viehoff, born Maag (1886-), cadaster draughtsman (kadastertekenaar), son of a sculptor (beeldhouwer); she was a sister of Piet Coerman.
– Jordens, Gerrit David (1877-1957); Zwolle, mechanical engineer (werktuigbouwkundig ingenieur), president of the local section of the k.a.p.n.; later participant to the g.i.c. until 1933; son of Daniel Jacob Rudolph Jordens, bookkeeper, and Willemina Henriette Elisabeth Molenkamp; marries 1903 Anna Geertruida de Bruijn (1881-1946); children: Erik (born and died 1904), Wilhelmina Henriette Elizabeth (1906-1921), Erik (1908-), Helena Henriette Gerdina (1910-); his archives are conserved in the i.i.s.g. ; also
– Nekkers, Trijntje (1882-1943); Zwolle, born Heerenveen, daughter of Andries Pieter Nekkers and Aaltje Hielkema, coffeeshop keeper (koffiehuishoudster), treasurer (penningmeester) of the local section of the k.a.p.n.; on police lists of the c.i.d., 1924 en 1930, marries in 1905 Sietze Agter (1877-1949), teacher; she died Epe, Gelderland, 10 maart 1943; two daughters: Annie (1909-1992) and Nine (1912-1997, marries Erik Jordens).
– Scheffer, Wilhelm Johannes (1885-1924); Zwolle, engine driver (machinist) n.s. (Nederlandsche Spoorwegen, Dutch Railways), president of the local section of the k.a.p.n., on police lists of the c.i.d.; son of Wilhelm Scheffer, wagonbuilder (wagenmaker) and Hendrikje van den Bosch, marries 1917 Johanna van Dijk (1882-); see: Kommunistische Arbeider, 1924, nr. 3.
– Altenau, Johannes Petrus Martinus van (1889-); Den Bosch, cigar maker, born Den Bosch, son of a cigar maker, lived Antwerps, came to Leiden in 1920, in 1922 he moved to Amsterdam, in 1924 propagandist for the c.p.h., in 1939 according to the police a “reputable council communist” in Den Bosch; in Amsterdam in 1916 he marries Rosina Anna Bertelsmann, divorced 1927.
Maurits Dekker, source: b.w.s.a.
– Dekker, Maurits Rudolf Joel (Maurits, 1896-1962), writer, pseudonyms: Gerard van Arkel, A. Bakels, Jan Dekker, Martin Redeke, Boris Robazki; nicknamed “the giant” (“de reus”); in 1938 he was convicted to a fine of ƒ100,- or 20 days jail for “having offended a befriended head of state” (Adolf Hitler), son of Joël Dekker, sales reprensentative and house painter, and Betje Turksma, dressmaker; marries 1923 Mien Hellingman (member of the g.i.c.); they had two daughters (Eleonore Dekker and Meavedea Dekker (Mea)) from a free marriage, and which were recognised in 1923; after his first wives’ death in 1954 he remarries Hendrika Christina van Assen; also see: Hart van Amsterdam, and: Maurits Dekker ; Zijn persoon en zijn werk / David de Jong. – Leiden : A.W. Sijthoff’s Uitg. Mij NV., 1946; also see: d.b.n.l.
– Eggink, Clasina Maria (Claasje, 1890/1891-); Amsterdam, telegrapher; member of the Federatie van Sociaal-Anarchisten ca. 1920-1923, later c.p.n., b.k.s.p.; emigrated to the u.s.a.; marries 1920 Mourits Wesselius, house painter; see: LibraryThing .
Marinus van der Lubbe, 1933, source: Nationaal Archief , Collectie Spaarnestad.
– Lubbe, Marinus van der (1909-1934), supposed to have set fire all alone to the German Reichstag building in 1933; he left the c.p.h. in 1931, and thus could not have been a member of the k.a.p.n., and he was not a member of the g.i.c.; he was however in contact with the l.a.o. at Leiden and befriended to Piet van Albada. His story remains controversial, as he might have been helped by the nazi’s. The Communist Left in the Netherlands was divided; all defended his person against stalinist and Nazi slander, but not all defended his act; for a defense of the act and Van der Lubbe as only actor, see: Rijksdagbrand (nl, blog by Nico Jassies); longer: Marinus van der Lubbe en de Rijksdagbrand / Nico Jassies. – Amsterdam : De Dolle Hond, 2002.
Anton Pannekoek, source: d.b.n.l. .
– Pannekoek, dr. Antonie (Anton, 1873-1960); Amsterdam, astronomer; on police lists of the c.i.d., 1920-1939 as founder of the k.a.p.n., but he never was member; son of Johannes Pannekoek, office employe (kantoorbediende) and Willemina Dorothea Beins; marries Leiden 1903 Johanna Maria Nassau Noordewier (Anna, 1871-1957), two children; see: An inventory of the writings of Antonie Pannekoek (1873-1960); Notes and letter by Anaton Pannekoek, and Anton Pannekoek Newspaper-clippings/Krantenknipsels.
Emanuel Querido, source: n.i.o.d. .
– Querido, Emanuel (1871-murdered Sobibor, 1943); Amsterdam, book publisher, the address of his publishing house was the postal address of the k.a.i.
– Sirach, Eduard (1895-1937); Leiden, in 1924 oppositional in the c.p.h., later l.a.o. (in the l.a.o. also ps. Simon Harteveld), editor of Spartacus and co-editor of the Redbook on Marinus van der Lubbe; was marries Petronella Johanna Klepper, children: Johanna, Wilhelmina and Alida Sirach.
William Carl Siewertsz van Reesema, source: Andere Tijden
– Siewertsz van Reesema, William Carl (1882-Moscou 1949); Rotterdam; in 1918 editor of De Internationale, later member of c.p.h., 1924-1949 in Russia; on police list of left-extremists in 1939, see: Biografisch Woordenboek van
Abraham Soep, source: b.w.s.a. .
– Soep, Abraham B. (1874-1958); Amsterdam, Antwerps, The Hague, editor, wrote in 1918 in De Internationale, in 1921 expelled from Belgium; see: b.w.s.a. .
– Stello, Willem (1905-); Rotterdam, active council communist in the strike in Twente in 1938; mentioned on police list of the c.i.d., son of Leendert Cornelis Stelloo and Grietje Carpentier; he had an older brother Leendert Cornelis Stelloo, born Rotterdam 1898, died Pankanbaroe (Dutch Indies), 1945.
1. In 1940, the German authorities imposed a ‘jew’ identity on more than half of the k.a.p.n. members; many of them (and their families) were murdered. For the strike against the deportations, see particularly: De Februari-staking 25-26 februari 1941 / B.A. Sijes. –
3. For some information on the Lopes Cordoza family, see: GenealogieOnline.
Compiled by Vico, 16 October 2015, latest additions 18 July 2017